What is the best codec ?
First of all, be sure to click on the "Optimize" button, and follow the recommendations.
Recommendations between Millumin V1 and V2/V3 are different.
Why ? Because when Millumin V1 came out, the hardwares/softwares were very different. In recent years, hardware-accelerated decoding have been widely spread in computers, and Millumin V2/V3 is ready for them. That is why the recommended codecs are different.
If you got many big files, be sure to use a fast drive (SSD recommended).
To encode your files easily, please use this nice application : AVF Batch Converter
The recommendations below are for video codec. There is no special recommended codec for audio : PCM, ACC, AC3, .. are all good.
Recommendations for Millumin V2/V3
Here are 3 codec families that we recommend :
This is the family we recommend by default. It offers good performance, good quality, it is compatible with all other video softwares, but file size is big.
Use ProRes-422, or ProRes-4444 if your content requires an alpha-channel.
This codec family offers the best performances, but it is only compatible with video softwares that explicitly supports it. File size is also the biggest.
If you have very high resolution (4K or more), it is often the best choice.
Use HAP or HAP Q (higher quality) if the content does not require an alpha-channel. Otherwise, use HAP Alpha or HAP Alpha Q.
HAP was commissioned by Vidvox
and created by Tom Butterworth
. Huge thanks to them.
This codec have been first made for the web, so file size is very compact. On the other side, it requires more resources to be decoded, but thank to hardware-acceleration, it is not that important. It is compatible with all other video softwares, despite not very convenient for video-editing.
If you have several layers with big files (2K or 4K), H.264/265 is not a good choice. Also note that it does not support an alpha-channel.
Here is a summary :
- Performances : HAP > ProRes > H.264/265
- Size : HAP > ProRes > H.264/265
- Quality : HAP ~ ProRes > H.264/265
Of course, Millumin supports other codecs such as Photo-JPEG, DV, uncompressed, or MPEG-2.
The "Optimize" button might recommend your to convert them to ProRes. Note that Photo-JPEG codec is still a pretty solid codec, despite not mentioned in our recommendations any more.
If the codec is not supported by Millumin directly, it will try to convert the movie to ProRes.
Recommendations for Millumin V1Photo-JPEG codec
is the best in most cases. Choose 80-90% quality.
If you got an alpha channel, please use Apple ProRes-4444 codec
(or Animation if you run Millumin V1 in 32-bits mode).
You can also try the HAP codec
that features very nice performances :
- it is working great in 32-bits mode
- in 64-bits mode, experimental support
is available for OSX Yosemite and higher
- HAP is not recommended in 64-bits on macOS 10.8 or 10.9 (HAP is 32-bits only there)
Unless you know what you are doing, you should not use H.264/265 codec : it is good for web, not for real time rendering (it uses a lot of resources, unless hardware-acceleration, see recommendations for Millumin V2/V3).